The first Great Seal of Vermont, designed by Ira Allen and made by Reuben Dean of Windsor in 1778, was accepted by resolution of the General Assembly of February 20, 1779. A new seal, made in 1821, included many of the basic design elements of the original seal, but was more pictorial than symbolic in character. The current seal, adopted in 1937, is a precise reproduction of the original Ira Allen design.
While an interpretation of the meaning of the seal's different elements involves some supposition, the row of wooded hills certainly indicate the Green Mountains; the sheaves and cow, agriculture; the wavy lines at the top and bottom, sky and water. The most dominant feature of the seal is the central pine. The pine trees of that time were noble trees, sometimes looming a hundred feet higher than the other trees around them.
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